The white grape variety probably comes from France. Around 180 synonyms testify to the great age and wide distribution of the vine. The most important ones grouped alphabetically by country are Bauernweinbeer, Bettschisser, Bordenauer, Borzenauer, Branestraube, Braune, Braune Traube, Burgegger, Burger, Dickweiß, Dickwiss, Frankenthaler, Grobes, Grobes Saures, Grobwein, Grobweißer, Hensch, Heunisch, Heinisch, Heinsch, Hensch, Hentschler, Heunscher, Heunschler, Hinschen, Hintsch, Hunnentraube, Hunsch, Hünsch, Hunschrebe, Huntsch, Hynsch, Hyntsch, Kleinberger, Laxiertraube, Flour white, Quadler, Scheißtraube, Thalburger, Thalburger Grünling, Weißer Zapfner, Weißgrobe, Weißstock, Wippacher(Germany and/or Austria); Blanc de Serres, Bon Blanc, Bouillan, Bouillaud, Bouilleaud, Enfariné Blanc, Foirard, Gauche Blanc, Goe, Goet, Goez, Goix, Gôt, Gouche, Gouche Blanche, Gouest Sauge, Gouet Blanc, Gouette, Gouget Blanc, Goys, Gros Blanc, Gueuche Blanc, Lisoera, Lombard Blanc, Moreau Blanc, Mouillet, Petit Gouge, Plant de Séchex, Plant Madame, President, Provereau Blanc, Verdet, Verdin Blanc, Vionnier(France); Blanció, Liseiret, Preveiral(Italy); Belina, Belina Drobna, Krapinska Belina, Pikanina Bijela(Croatia); Branco Valente, Gigante Branco(Portugal); Gouais Jaune, Gwäss(Switzerland); Hajnos(Hungary).
Although it appears to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the varieties Orléans (Hartheunian) or Ranfol. The numerous grape varieties with the name part "Heunisch" are not all related to each other. Most of them are no longer significant and are only in vines for historical reasons (e.g. Geilweilerhof and Domaine de Vassal). The variety Gouais Blanc (France) is genetically identical to White Heunisch (Germany), although the development of the two varieties has been different.
Many of the synonyms were used in part "crisscross" for several varieties of Heunisch. The German name Heunisch originates from the early Middle Ages and was allegedly first mentioned in the 11th century with "hunisce druben". It is associated with the Huns and that it was brought to Europe by them. However, this hypothesis is difficult to prove. For many centuries the terms "Heunisch" (for "coarse") and "Fränkisch" (for "fine") were the only wine or quality designations and did not refer to a specific variety. A reliable mention was made in 1546 in the famous "Kreütter Buch" by Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554: "The large, fat (thick) Hynische grapes, which are sent by several shitty grapes for the sake of their quick choking". The varieties of the Heunisch group: