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Bock Hieronymus

The German pastor, teacher and court medicus (personal physician) Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) was first a preacher in Hornbach and a teacher in Zweibrücken (Rhineland-Palatinate). He gräzisierte (put into Greek language form) his family name and called himself "Tragos" (goat). Bock became known above all for his botanical, medical and pharmacological studies. On extensive travels in southern Germany, which took him from the Ardennes in Belgium/France to the Swiss Alps, he was one of the first scientists of his time to attempt a comprehensive description of Central European plants and their healing effects. The result was his main work, "The Kreütter Book", which was first published in 1539. Three further editions followed; the 1546 edition also dealt with grape varieties. Bock distinguished between "Zamen vines" and "wild vines". The subject of wild vines is described in detail, as well as 12 "zame" (cultivated) varieties with their viticultural characteristics and their occurrence in the growing regions:

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