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Domaine de Vassal

The Domaine de Vassal is located between Agde and Sète on a strip of sand between the Mediterranean Sea and the Étang de Thau lagoon (a body of water separated from the sea) in Marseillan, around 50 kilometres from Montpellier in the department of Hérault. It is home to one of the largest ampelographic collections in the world. The site is now managed by the INRAE (formerly INRA), "Institut National de Recherche pour l'Agriculture, l'Alimentation et l'Environnement".

Domaine de Vassal - östlicher Teil von Étang de Thau mit Pic Saint-Loup

Selection of the soil type

The first collection was created in 1876 at the École d'agriculture de Montpellier (now Montpellier SupAgro) following the phylloxera disaster, in order to preserve grape varieties from all continents that were threatened by the pest. The small area and the mediocre hygienic condition of the specimens prompted Professor Jean Branas (1905-1998) to transfer the collection to the Domaine de Vassal, owned by INRA (now INRAE), from 1949 to 1950. The sandy soil was chosen because aphids cannot develop there and virusvector nematodes cannot multiply. Healthy and diseased vines can therefore be combined.

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Markus J. Eser

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Markus J. Eser
Weinakademiker und Herausgeber „Der Weinkalender“

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