The red grape variety comes from France. There are about 80 synonyms. The most important ones grouped alphabetically by country are Refosco (confusingly in California); Angelique, Argillet, Argilliere, Begeain, Begean, Bon Savoyan, Chétouan, Chétuan, Chintuan, Cintuan, Grand Chétuan, Grosse Syrah, Gros Plant, Maldoux, Mandoux, Persagne, Petite Persaigne, Plant Maldoux, Savoyan, Syrah Grosse(France); Gros Rouge(Switzerland). It must not be confused with Douce Noire, Genouillet, Milgranet, Persan, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Syrah, despite the fact that synonyms or morphological similarities appear to indicate this. According to one hypothesis, Mondeuse Noire should be a descendant of the allobrogica described by Pliny the Elder (23-79). However, there is no historical or botanical evidence of this. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2018, it is the result of a presumably natural cross between Mondeuse Blanche x Tressot Noir. The varieties Mornen Noir and Servanin are direct descendants of presumably natural crosses. A colour mutation is Mondeuse Grise. Mondeuse Noire was also a crossing partner of the new breed Calzin.