The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Périgord Noir and Petit Mérille. The name is possibly derived from "mille graines" (1,000 seeds). Although synonyms seem to indicate this, it should not be confused with the Mérille or Mondeuse Noire varieties. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2012, it is the result of a (probably natural) cross between Négret du Tarn (Négrette) x Gouais Blanc. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). The vine is unsuitable for dry soils and susceptible to powdery mildew. It produces tannin-emphasized, colourful red wines. The variety is grown in the Département Tarn-et-Garonne in south-west France and is registered there in the Lavilledieu area. In 2016, however, only one hectare of vineyard area was designated.
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