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California, with its capital Sacramento, is the third-largest and by far the most populous state in the USA with an area of 423,970 km². It is located in the west of the country and borders the Pacific Ocean, the states of Oregon, Nevada and Arizona as well as the Mexican state of Baja California on the peninsula of the same name. California's official nickname is the Golden State. In 1846, US settlers declared California's independence (Bear Flag Republic) and proclaimed their own Republic of California, which led to the Mexican-American War. On 9 September 1850, California became the 31st state to join the USA.

Kalifornien - Landkarte, Flagge und Logo


California can be described as the motherland of viticulture in the USA. It also quite rightly bears the beautiful epithet "Wine State", as wine is an important economic factor here. The Spaniards introduced the Spanish Listán Prieto variety to Mexico in the 16th century, which was called Misión here and later Mission in California. In 1769, the Franciscan monk Junipero Serra (1713-1784) is said to have planted the first vineyard with this grape when he founded the "San Diego" mission in California (according to more recent sources, only ten years later). There were not the same difficulties here as on the east coast of the Atlantic, as the dry climate prevented fungal diseases and the vines thrived magnificently.

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Dominik Trick

The wein.plus encyclopaedia is a comprehensive, well-researched reference work. Available anytime and anywhere, it has become an indispensable part of teaching, used by students and myself alike. Highly recommended!

Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,385 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,719 Pronunciations · 202,894 Cross-references
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