The red grape variety originates from the border region Italy (Gorizia)-Slovenia (Goricia) and belongs to the large Refosco name group. Synonyms are Malvoise, Peteljcice, Refosco, Refosco dal Pecòl Rosso, Refosco Peduncolo Rosso, Refoschin, Refosco delli Ucelli, Refosco Nostrano, Refosco Peduncolo Rosso, Refošk, Rifòsc, Rifòsc dal Pecòl Ròss, Rifosco, Teran Crvene and Teran Crvene Peteljcice. The name Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, derived from the red-coloured stems, first appeared around 1870, when Refosco varieties began to be distinguished. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Bonarda Piemontese, Mondeuse Noire, Refosco di Faedis or Terrano varieties. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, it is a direct descendant of Marzemino; the second parent is unknown. A direct descendant is the variety Corvina Veronese.
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