The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Abondance, Arrivet, Cabernet Gros, Cayla, Franc Noir, Franc Noir de l'Jo, Franc Noir de l'Yonne, Franc Noir du Gâtinais, Gamay d'Orléans, Larrivet, Morineau, Noirien, Plant de Moret, Plant de Villeneuve, Rivet and Rochelle Noire. It must not be confused with the Gamay, Grolleau Noir (Franc Noir), Manseng Noir (Gascon), Mondeuse Noire (Gascon) or Tressot Noir (Noirien) varieties, even if they appear to be synonyms or morphological similarities. The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. It does not come from Gascony, but probably from the area around Orléans in the Département Loiret in central northern France. She was already mentioned as Rochelle Noire in 1667. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis and powdery mildew. It produces dark-coloured, acidic red wines. The variety is cultivated in tiny quantities on the middle Loire in the Touraine area. In 2016, only one hectare of vineyard was designated (Kym Anderson statistics).
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