The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Bécuet, Becuét, Berla'd Crava Cita, Berlas Citta, Berlo Citto (Italy); Aguzelle, Aguyzelle, Bâtarde, Bâtarde Longue, Beccu, Bécuette, Etraire, Etris, Guzelle, Moirans, Persan Noir, Posse de Chèvre, Pousse de Chèvre, Presan, Pressan, Princens, Prinsan, Prinsens, Prinssens, Rives, Serine, Serinne Pointue, Siranne (France). It must not be confused with the varieties Etraire de l'Aduï (Gros Persan), Mondeuse Noire (Persagne), Pinot Noir or Syrah (Serine), despite the fact that synonyms or morphological similarities appear to indicate this. According to DNA analyses, a parent-offspring relationship exists between Persan and Etraire de l'Aduï. A probably natural cross between Persan and Peloursin resulted in Joubertin. The early to medium ripening vine is susceptible to both types of mildew. It produces red wines rich in body and tannin with good acidity and ageing potential. The variety was once widespread in Savoy, but lost much of its importance after the phylloxera disaster. Here it is permitted in the wines Vin des Allobroges and Vin de Savoie and covers nine hectares in France. In Italy it is cultivated in Piedmont on three hectares and is registered there under the name Bécuet in the DOC area Pinerolese. There is also a tiny population of 0.3 hectares in Switzerland(Geneva). In 2016, a total of 12 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).