The Roman universal scholar, officer and administrative officer Gajus Plinius Secundus Major (23-79), better known as „Pliny the Elder", was among other things also a viticulture expert of his time. He studied philosophy and law in Rome, then embarked on a state military career and achieved high ranks under Emperor Titus (39-81). He was governor in several Roman provinces and finally commander of the Roman fleet in the Tyrrhenian Sea. From the age of 55 on, he lived near Pompeii and experienced the eruption of Vesuvius. He then died trying to save some of the people threatened by the Vesuvius eruption. His death is detailed in a letter from his nephew and stepson Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus (55-120).