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oldest wineries

Grapevines were first cultivated and wine (or wine-like drinks) produced 6,000 if not 8,000 years ago, as evidenced by grape seeds found in Asia Minor (Anatolia in present-day Turkey), the remains of wine presses and numerous ancient wine vessels and wine motifs on artefacts from many areas. Where and by whom the first wine was actually consciously produced and drunk can of course no longer be determined.

Transkaukasien - Karte

Origins of viticulture

There may of course have been several origins. Chance probably played a major role. Transcaucasia (parts of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia), where the oldest archaeological finds were made, as well as the advanced civilisations in Mesopotamia (mostly modern-day Iraq, as well as parts of Syria and Turkey), in the Upper Nile river basin (Egypt) and in the Jordan Valley (Israel and Jordan) are considered to be the cradle of wine culture. According to the Bible book of Genesis, chapter 8, verse 4, Noah landed with his ark at Ararat after the end of the Flood and became a winegrower. One of the origins of the cultivated vine or viticulture could also have been in south-east Anatolia (Turkey) (arrow).

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Andreas Essl
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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

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