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The democratic state of Israel (Hebrew ישראל Yisra'el; Arabic إِسْرَائِيل ʾIsrāʾīl) is located in the Middle East on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The heartland covers 22,380 km², the occupied territories 6,831 km². Israel borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt as well as the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The capital of Israel is Jerusalem; however, the United Nations and the majority of its member states do not recognise Jerusalem as the Israeli capital.

Israel - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen

The Israeli-occupied territories today comprise the West Bank (West Bank) including East Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. The Sinai Peninsula, which Israel also conquered in the 1967 Six-Day War, was returned to Egypt in the 1982 Camp David peace treaty. The Gaza Strip was cleared of Israeli settlements and military bases in 2005, but is still considered by the UN to be Palestinian territory occupied by Israel. Israel has also occupied territory in Lebanon several times since 1978, but withdrew from Lebanon in 2000.

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Markus J. Eser

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Markus J. Eser
Weinakademiker und Herausgeber „Der Weinkalender“

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,381 Keywords · 46,990 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,715 Pronunciations · 202,577 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon