Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long Caucasus mountain range between the Caspian and Black Seas. The area now known as the South Caucasus (Sakavkazie in Russian) includes the former USSR states of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, as well as adjacent parts of Turkey that once belonged to ancient Armenia. This area in Asia, together with the adjoining Mesopotamia to the south, is considered one of the main candidates for the cradle of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origins are thought to lie in neighbouring Turkish south-eastern Anatolia. This is near Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah landed and became the first wine grower. The Romans called the area the "end of the world".
Serious sources on the internet are rare - and Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one such source. When researching for my articles, I regularly consult the wein.plus encyclopaedia. There I get reliable and detailed information.Thomas Götz
Weinberater, Weinblogger und Journalist; Schwendi