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Transcaucasia

Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long folded mountain range Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. The area now known as the South Caucasus (Russian: Zakavkazye) includes the former USSR states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, as well as adjacent parts of Turkey that once belonged to ancient Armenia. This area in Asia is considered to be one of the main candidates for the cradle of wine culture, together with the adjoining Mesopotamia to the south. According to the latest research, however, the origin is supposed to be in the bordering Turkish southeastern Anatolia. This is near Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah landed and became the first wine grower. The Romans called the area the "end of the world."

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