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Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long Caucasus mountain range, which forms a land bridge between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea and is of great importance for the transport of goods from China and Central Asia to Europe. The area includes the former USSR states of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia as well as neighbouring parts of Turkey that once belonged to ancient Armenia. This area in Asia is considered together with the neighbouring Mesopotamia to the south (today most of it belongs to Iraq, smaller parts in the north and north-west belong to Armenia, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey). The two huge areas of Mesopotamia and Transcaucasia overlap to some extent. According to the latest research, one of the origins may also have been in neighbouring south-eastern Anatolia in Turkey. This is near Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah landed and became the first winegrower. The Romans called the area the "end of the world".

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,382 Keywords · 46,989 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,716 Pronunciations · 202,680 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon