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Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long folded mountain range of the Caucasus between the Caspian and the Black Sea. Today these are the former USSR states of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia as well as neighbouring parts of Turkey, which once belonged to ancient Armenia. Together with Mesopotamia to the south, this area in Asia is considered one of the main candidates for the cradle or origin of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origin is said to lie in neighbouring Turkish south-east Anatolia. This is near Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah landed and became the first winegrower.

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