You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. <br><strong>For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.</strong>

Log in Become a Member


A Near Eastern landscape stretching from the Anatolian highlands to the Persian Gulf between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers (hence "Mesopotamia") with an area of around 350,000 km². Today, most of it belongs to Iraq, with smaller parts in the north and northwest belonging to Armenia, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. In the north lies Transcaucasia, which, together with Mesopotamia, is considered to be the possible origin of cultivated grapevines and wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origin should be in the north bordering Turkish Southeast Anatolia (arrow). This is near Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah landed and became the first wine grower. The first wine, however, was probably made from dates and mainly beer was drunk. Beer is probably the oldest alcoholic beverage produced by humans, even before wine. In the 1st millennium BC, wine was regularly drunk by the higher classes in this area, and one variety is referred to as the "king's drink". A found designation "wine of the mountains" indicates that wine probably originated mainly in the mountainous north (northern Iraq and northern Syria).

Voices of our members

Dr. Edgar Müller

I have great respect for the scope and quality of the wein.plus encyclopaedia. It is a unique place to go for crisp, sound information on terms from the world of wine.

Dr. Edgar Müller
Dozent, Önologe und Weinbauberater, Bad Kreuznach

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 186,886 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon