In antiquity and during the ancient world, the advanced civilizations of Near and Middle Asia such as Assyria, Babylonia and Mesopotamia were the most important founders of the viticulture and wine culture. Asia is thus considered the cradle of wine culture. Vines are cultivated in Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Japan, Yemen, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos and Lebanon, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia (partly Europe), Sri Lanka, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey (partly Europe), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam and Cyprus.
In 2012, the Asian vineyard area comprised 1.801 million hectares with an increasing trend, which corresponds to 24% of the world area. However, only 15.5 million hectolitres of wine were produced, which is only 6% of the world's total. This is because the yields are largely used for table grapes, raisins and distillation. However, a relatively large amount of wine is imported. See also country lists under Africa, Europe, New World, South America and Tropics, as well as a table with all countries under Wine Production Quantities.