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Syria

The state on the Mediterranean coast, which borders Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, is one of the cradles of viticulture. Parts of the northeast were part of the cultural landscape of Mesopotamia. The coastal area and parts of Lebanon belonged to Phoenicia in the 2nd and 1st millennia BC. Phoenician city-states located in present-day Syria were Arados (Arwad) and Ugurit (Latakia). Vines were already cultivated here at least at the beginning of the 2nd millennium. The wine produced was delivered to Egypt, among other places, to the court of the pharaohs. The capital Damascus was founded around 1,500 BC as the centre of the Aramean Empire and is mentioned in the Bible as a wine-growing centre. In the 8th century BC the country came under the rule of Assyria and in 64 BC it was conquered by the Romans under the general Pompey (106-48 BC). It is worth mentioning that glass was already produced here in the 2nd century BC and the art of glassblowing was invented

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