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This state on the Mediterranean coast, bordering Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, is one of the cradles of viticulture. Parts of the north-east were part of the cultural landscape of Mesopotamia. The coastal area and parts of Lebanon were part of Phoenicia in the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. Phoenician city-states located in what is now Syria were Arados (Arwad) and Ugurit (Latakia). Vines were already cultivated here at least at the beginning of the 2nd millennium. The wine produced was delivered to Egypt to the court of the Pharaohs, among others. The capital Damascus was founded around 1,500 B.C. as the centre of the Aramaic Empire and is mentioned in the Bible as a wine-growing centre. In the 8th century BC the country came under the rule of Assyria and in 64 BC it was conquered by the Romans under the general Pompey (106-48 BC). It is worth mentioning that glass was produced here as early as the 2nd century BC and the art of glassblowing was invented

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