The smallest of the former USSR republics, at just under 30,000 km², lies between Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey. The country corresponds to the north-eastern part of the formerly much larger Armenian settlement area and in antiquity in the 7th century BC included the entire Anatolian, now Turkish, territory. Since the 15th century, large areas have belonged to Turkey. Just over the border is Mount Ararat, where, according to the Bible, Noah's ark landed after the end of the Flood. The area south of the Caucasus belongs to Transcaucasia, a smaller area belonged in ancient times to historical Mesopotamia, which extended southwards from here. Here lies the somewhere origin of cultivated grapevine and viticulture, which, according to recent research, is believed to be in today's Turkey in south-eastern Anatolia (arrow).