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The constitutional monarchy, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية) in the Middle East with the capital Amman covers 89,342 km². It borders Israel, the West Bank part of the Palestinian Autonomous Territories (the border is under Israeli control), Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea on the Gulf of Aqaba, where there is a maritime border with Egypt.

Jordanien - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen


Viticulture was already practised in the Jordan Valley in biblical times. The nomadic people of the Nabataeans founded the kingdom of Nabataea in 150 BC with its capital Petra in modern-day Jordan. Wine presses and wall paintings found near this city indicate a wine culture that continued to be cultivated under Roman rule from 63 BC.

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