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Canaan (biblical name for Palestine), called the "Promised Land", had to be conquered or settled twice by the Israelites. This took place under Abraham, the progenitor of Israel (and incidentally also of the Arabs) about 2000 to 1900 and under Moses after forty years of wandering in the desert about 1300 to 1200 B.C. Historical research does not agree on whether the two persons actually lived, or whether they are rather only legendary figures. In any case, Moses died after reaching his destination without having set foot on it. At the border, Moses received orders from Yahweh to have the land of Canaan, which he had intended for the Israelites, explored. There they came to a wadi (torrent valley) near Hebron. This is written in the book of Numbers as follows (13.22 ff): " It was just the time of the first grapes. When they reached the valley of Eshkol, they cut off a vine with one grape, which they carried in twos on a pole, and also some pomegranates and figs. The grape (Hebrew Eschkol = grape) must have been of huge dimensions. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, today's grape variety Neheleschol is said to be a descendant.

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