Wine plays a hugely important role in Christianity. The mystical connection between wine and God finds its central expression in the Eucharist (thanksgiving) when bread and wine are transformed into Christ's body and blood. This goes back to the Last Supper described in the New Testament. Jesus spoke the praise, broke the bread, handed it to them and said: " Take, this is my body. Then he took the cup, said the prayer of thanksgiving, handed it to the disciples and they all drank from it. And he said to them: This is my blood, the blood of the covenant, which is shed for many (Mark 14:17-25).
Wine is referred to directly or indirectly in a total of 979 places. Vineyard occurs over 90 times, vine over 60 times and wine press 15 times. Although beer was also a widespread drink at the time, it did not have the same significance. Martin Luther (1483-1546) commented: Beer is the work of man, but wine is from God. Bible researchers found eight Hebrew words that were translated as "wine" in the various languages. Not all of them are real wine, but some are syrups, beer-like or other alcoholic drinks made from tree and field fruits:
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Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg