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The semi-presidential Republic of Egypt (Arabic مصر) in north-east Africa with its capital Cairo covers 1,001,449 km². It borders Sudan to the south, Libya to the west and Gaza and Israel to the north-east. The northern border is the easternmost part of the Mediterranean Sea (Levantine Sea). The island of Cyprus is 380 kilometres from the coast. In the south-east, Egypt has an extensive coastline to the Red Sea with its two arms of the sea, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba or Eilat. Saudi Arabia and Jordan lie opposite the latter Gulf, to which there are ferry connections.

Ägypten - Landkarte, Flagge, Wappen


Viticulture is many thousands of years old, even if this region is not counted among the cradles of viticulture such as Mesopotamia or Transcaucasia. According to one hypothesis, Greek colonists introduced viticulture to the oasis of Al-Fayoum south of Cairo at the time of Alexander the Great (356-323 BC). An early Egyptian wine culture is documented by numerous paintings in burial chambers with wine motifs and depictions of wine production. Such finds date back to 2500 BC. In the painting of the tomb of Chaemwese in Thebes around 1450 BC, various wine-making steps such as the grape harvest and fermentation in containers, as well as the loading of a ship with amphorae, are depicted:

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Dominik Trick

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Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,403 Keywords · 47,035 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,737 Pronunciations · 205,287 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon