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The country has an ancient winegrowing tradition, as there were already cultivated vineyards in Anatolia, in the region of Transcaucasia (which, together with Mesopotamia, is considered the cradle of wine culture) and on the coast of the Caspian Sea at least in the 4th millennium BC. Excavations in the city of Catal Hüyük, built in the 7th millennium B.C., have found representations that suggest that wine was already being produced at that time. According to a naturally unverifiable hypothesis, an ancestor of the grape variety Kalecik Karasi was allegedly known to the Hittites as early as ~1,500 BC. Close to the border with Armenia is the famous Mount Ararat, where, according to a story in the Bible, after the Flood Noah landed with his ark and "became a winegrower". According to the latest research, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or the winegrowing culture is said to lie in south-east Anatolia.

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