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The Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan in Azerbaijani) in the Near East between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus with the capital Baku covers 86,600 square kilometres. It borders Russia to the north, Georgia to the north-west, Iran to the south, Armenia to the west and only 17 km to Turkey via the exclave of Nakhichevan (separated from the heartland by an Armenian territorial strip). The former USSR state became independent in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Aserbaidschan - Landkarte, Flagge, Symbol


Azerbaijan is located in the historical region of Transcaucasia, which is one of the cradles of wine culture. In the settlements of Galabaglar, Galajig and Kültan, seeds from cultivated grapes, stone tools for pressing and stone vessels for fermentation and storage dating back to the 2nd millennium BC have been found. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reports that a highly developed wine culture already existed in the 7th century BC. The Roman scholar Strabo (63 BC to 28 AD) also describes something similar from the 1st century AD.

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Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher

In the past, you needed a wealth of encyclopaedias and specialist literature to keep up to date in your vinophile professional life. Today, Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one of my best helpers and can rightly be called the "bible of wine knowledge".

Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher
Lehrgangsleiter Sommelierausbildung WIFI-Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,386 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,720 Pronunciations · 203,030 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon