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Located in Transcaucasia between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, the state with its capital Baku borders Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Iran to the south, Armenia to the west and Turkey via the exclave of Nakhichevan (which is separated from the heartland by a strip of Armenian territory). It has a wine culture that is thousands of years old. In the settlements of Galabaglar, Galajig and Kültan, seeds of cultivated grapes, stone tools for pressing and stone vessels for fermentation and storage have been found, dating back to the 2nd millennium BC. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reports that there was already a highly developed wine culture in the 7th century BC. The Roman scholar Strabo (63 BC to AD 28) also describes similar things from the 1st century AD.

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Thomas Götz

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Thomas Götz
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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,026 Keywords · 46,825 Synonyms · 5,324 Translations · 31,361 Pronunciations · 184,878 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon