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The state in the Near East borders Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and the Persian Gulf. It encompasses the largest part of Mesopotamia, the " Mesopotamian land" between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, where the earliest advanced civilisations arose in antiquity and is considered one of the cradles of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origin of viticulture is said to lie in the neighbouring Turkish south-east Anatolia to the north (arrow). Today's capital Baghdad was a centre of the wine trade at that time. Due to the Islamic ban on alcohol, mainly sultanas and table grapes are produced. The area under vines covers about 13,000 hectares. It can be assumed that viticulture does not play a role.

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Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,936 Keywords · 46,900 Synonyms · 5,325 Translations · 31,271 Pronunciations · 181,168 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon