In ancient times, the Iraq of today formed the largest part of Mesopotamia. According to the latest research, the origin of viticulture is said to lie in the north bordering Turkish southeast Anatolia (arrow). The capital Baghdad was then a centre of the wine trade. Due to the Islamic ban on alcohol, mainly raisins and table grapes are produced. In 2012, the area under vines covered 12,000 hectares, but no wine production quantities are known. It can be assumed that viticulture plays no role.