The white grape variety is by far the most common variety of Traminers (see detailed information there). The numerous synonyms are also used for other varieties such as Savagnin Rose and generally for Traminer. So you can't conclude from the name/synonym to the "right" game type without any doubt. The most important are Savagnin Rose Aromatique(Australia); Mala Dinka(Bulgaria); Clevner, Klevner, Rother Muskattraminer, Roter Traminer, Traminer Rot(Germany); Bon Blanc, Gentil Aromatique, Gentil Rose Aromatique, Formentin Rouge, Fromenteau Rouge, Traminer Aromatique, Traminer Parfumé(France); Traminer Aromatico(Italy); Traminac Crveni(Croatia); Christkindlestraube, Christkindltraube, Fleischrot, Fleischroth, Fleischvainer, Fleischwein, Musler, Rosentraminer, Roter Traminer(Austria); Rusa, Traminer Roz(Romania); Tramín Červený(Slovakia); Heidarot(Switzerland); Diseci Traminec(Slovenia); Tramín Červený Czech Republic); Traminer Musqué, Traminer Rose(Moldova, Ukraine); Tramini Piros, Füszeres Tramini, Piros Tramini(Hungary).
It is a flavour mutation of the Savagnin Rose variety, with which it is often confused or equated. The difference between the two is the spicy musk tone (musqué), which the Gewürztraminer shows most distinctly of all Traminer varieties, but Savagnin Rose does not, or only to a small extent (that is why it is also called Savagnin Rose Non Musqué). Savagnin Rose (Red Traminer) is a rose berry mutation of the Savagnin Blanc (White Traminer) variety. The variety Gewürztraminer was also used in some new breeds (see a complete list under Traminer).
The Gewürztraminer was first mentioned under this name by Johann Christian Metzger (1789-1852) in 1827 as a rare variety from the Rheingau. The grapevine is particularly susceptible to viral diseases, which has been solved in the meantime by selecting resistant clones. It produces white wines rich in extract and alcohol, often with a slightly reddish copper tone with intense aromas of musk (musqué), bitter orange, lychee (lychee tree), marzipan and roses typical of the variety. This is why the vine is also one of the bouquet varieties.
In Kym Anderson's 2010 statistics, quantities are shown under the three names Gewurztraminer (with "u"), Savagnin Blanc and Savagnin Rose (but here there are only two countries). In most cases, it is probably mainly the Gewurztraminer variety. For some of the countries now listed, two numbers are given (Gewürztraminer/Savagnin Blanc), but for only one number it is Gewürztraminer or Savagnin Blanc.
In Austria, no difference is made between the varieties in the variety survey, but they are summarized under Traminer. Gewürztraminer, Roter Traminer and Gelber Traminer are permissible synonyms here. In 2009, the area covered was 321 hectares. In Germany only the variety Red Traminer (Gewürztraminer) is listed, in 2009 a total of 838 hectares. Other countries in Europe are Bulgaria (747 ha), England (1 ha), France (3,168/483 ha), Italy (1,408 ha), Croatia (234/18 ha), Luxembourg (20 ha), Moldova (2,731 ha), Romania (385/49 ha), Russia (214 ha), Switzerland (49/83 ha), Slovakia (265 ha), Slovenia (215 ha), Spain (301 ha), Czech Republic (601 ha), Hungary (772 ha) and Ukraine (961 ha). Overseas Argentina (20 ha), Australia (834/94 ha), Brazil (13 ha), Canada (404/1 ha), Chile (316 ha), China (5 ha), New Zealand (311 ha), South Africa (122 ha), Uruguay (24 ha) and the USA (1,144 ha, including California 700 ha).
Kym Anderson's statistics show that in 2010, a total of 14,355 hectares of vineyards were registered under the name Gewurztraminer (Gewürztraminer), with a strong upward trend (ten years earlier it was 10,670 hectares). The variety thus occupied 53rd place in the worldwide grape variety ranking. 1,949 hectares were registered under the name Savagnin Blanc, and 883 hectares under the name Savagnin Rose. If these three quantities are added together, the total is 17,187 hectares, which would make it 45th.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Grapes and leaf: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)
Glass with aromas: © armin faber Info@faberpartner.de