The exact origin of the white grape variety is uncertain; it could originate from Germany, France or the Czech Republic (Moravia). The different varieties differ in berry colour, aroma, leaf shape and grape size, as well as in vigour, yield and susceptibility to disease, but they have almost the same DNA profile with minor differences. They are therefore considered as a single grape variety, although they are very much listed separately as distinct varieties in many grape variety catalogues. There are the following three main varieties:
Savagnin Blanc (France) or Gelber Traminer, Weißer Traminer, Traminer (German-speaking region): the French name (also abbreviated Savagnin) is mostly given in international sources. Whether it is really Weißer Traminer or Gewürztraminer is not always free of doubt. This variety is characterized by odorless, yellow-green berries.