The exact origin of the white grape variety is uncertain; it could come from Germany, France or the Czech Republic (Moravia). Although the different varieties differ in terms of berry colour, aroma, leaf shape and grape size, as well as in terms of vigour, yield and susceptibility to disease, they have almost the same DNA profile with minor differences. They are therefore regarded as a single grape variety, although in many grape variety catalogues they are listed separately as independent varieties. There are the following three main varieties:
Savagnin Blanc (France) or Gelber Traminer, Weißer Traminer, Traminer (German-speaking area): The French name (also called Savagnin) is mostly given in international sources. Whether it is then really White Traminer or Gewürztraminer is not always beyond doubt. This variety is characterised by odourless, yellow-green berries.