The current state was created in 1991 with the collapse of the USSR. Its geographical roots lie in the historical landscape of Bessarabia (see there the history). Numerous archaeological finds, such as amphorae and grape seeds, prove that viticulture has been practised here for over 5,000 years. In the north, east and south the state is surrounded by the Ukraine. In the west it borders on Romania, whose influence can be felt in the viticulture due to their long common history. The princes of Moldavia founded their own wine culture in the Middle Ages. However, from the beginning of the 16th century this collapsed again under 300 years of Ottoman rule and the associated ban on alcohol.