With 6,000 years of wine history, Romania is one of the oldest and most traditional wine-growing countries in Europe. The Greek poet Homer already mentioned Thracian wines in his Iliad in the 8th century and the historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) tells of the wine trade of the Greek colonists on the Black Sea coast. German settlers from the Rhine-Moselle region followed the call of the Hungarian King Géza II. (1130-1162), the ruler of the area at the time, and revived wine-growing in Transylvania in the 12th century, and in the 18th century they were the Swabians brought to the country by the Habsburg ruler Maria Theresa (1717-1780). The historical landscape of Bessarabia, where wine-growing has also existed for 5,000 years, was inhabited mainly by Romanians at the beginning of the 19th century. This region, which is now part of Moldavia, belonged to Romania from 1917 to 1940.