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In 1993, the independent states of Slovakia and the Czech Republic were formed from the former state of Czechoslovakia. Viticulture has a common history that goes back to the Celts. Slovakia's wine-growing areas are mainly located in the south on the borders with Austria and Hungary. The vineyards form a strip about 60 kilometres long along these borders and lie on the northern edge of the European wine-growing area largely along the Danube tributaries Hron (Gran), Nitra (Neutra) and Váh (Waag) around the capital Bratislava (Pressburg). The climate is continental with hot summers and cool winters with moderate rainfall. In 2012, the vineyard area covered 20,000 hectares, from which 384,000 hl of wine were produced. Two thirds are white wines and one third red wines. Well-known wineries are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, Matysák, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. Apart from exports to the Czech Republic, the majority is consumed within the country. The grape variety list 2010:

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