Grapevines were first cultivated and wine (or wine-like beverages) produced as early as 6,000 if not 8,000 years ago, as evidenced by grape seeds found in Asia Minor (Anatolia in what is now Turkey), remains of wine presses, and numerous ancient wine vessels and wine motifs on artefacts from many areas.
Where and by whom the first wine was actually deliberately produced and drunk is, of course, impossible to determine. It is likely that chance played a major role in its creation. The cradle of wine culture is considered to be Transcaucasia (parts of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia), where the oldest archaeological finds were made, as well as the advanced civilisations in Mesopotamia (largely present-day Iraq, as well as parts of Syria and Turkey), in the upper Nile river basin (Egypt) and in the Jordan Valley (Israel and Jordan). According to the Bible book of Genesis, chapter 8, verse 4, Noah landed with his ark at Ararat after the end of the Flood and became a winegrower. According to the latest research, by the way, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or viticulture culture is said to lie in south-eastern Anatolia (arrow).