Already 6,000 if not 8,000 years ago, vines were cultivated for the first time and wine (or wine-like beverages) were produced. This is proven by grape seeds found in Asia Minor (Anatolia in today's Turkey), remains of wine presses and numerous antique wine vessels and wine motifs on artefacts from many areas.
Where and by whom the first wine was actually produced and drunk consciously can of course no longer be determined. It is likely that chance played a major role in its creation. Transcaucasia (parts of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia), where the oldest archaeological discoveries were made, is considered the cradle of wine culture, as are the advanced civilizations in Mesopotamia (mostly present-day Iraq, as well as parts of Syria and Turkey), in the Upper Nile river basin(Egypt) and in the Jordan Valley(Israel and Jordan). According to the Bible book of Genesis, chapter 8, verse 4, after the end of the Flood, Noah landed with his ark on Ararat and became a winegrower. By the way, according to the latest research, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or viticulture is said to be in south-east Anatolia (arrow).