The white grape variety comes from the Balkans and is named after a community in the Serbian Vojvodina. Synonyms grouped by country are Weißer Slankamenka(Germany); Slankamenka Blanche(France); Slankamenka Bianca(Italy); Madaruša, Slankamenka Bijela(Croatia); Maghiarca, Majarcă Albă(Romania); Magyarica, Magyarka, Slankamenka Béla, Szlanka Fehér(Hungary) It is an old grape variety from the Banat region (landscape in Romania, Serbia and Hungary). There it is cultivated under different names, with morphological differences between the different varieties. Nothing is known about a possible genetic relationship to the red variety Pamid (Slankamenka Crvena). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is probably a natural cross between White Balint x Razachi Rosie (Razaki Kirmizi). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics).
The late ripening vine with thick skinned berries is susceptible to downy mildew, but resistant to botrytis. It produces white wines that are light in alcohol and low in acidity, and are therefore mainly used as blends. There are stocks in Croatia (31 ha), Romania (23 ha) and Hungary. In 2010, a total of 53 hectares of vineyard area were designated (statistics Kym Anderson). The black berry variety Slankamenka Rosie (Majarcă Rosie) is probably a colour mutation; it is grown on 27 hectares in Romania.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)