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Molecular genetics

Term for a branch of molecular biology used to study the structure of the genome (the entirety of the genetic material in an organism) and the function and interaction of genes (the hereditary factors located on the DNA strand in the chromosomes of each cell nucleus). Genetic engineering or Genetic engineering is the application of genetic methods in practice and usually means the artificial manipulation of genes with the aim of introducing desired, hitherto non-existent properties, such as resistance to fungal diseases, into an existing organism through the technically feasible implantation of individual replicated foreign genes from organisms foreign to the species into the genome of a variety or breed.

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