The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Ancellotta di Massenzatico, Ancellotti, Lancellotta, Lancelotta and Uino. The parentage (parent variety) is unknown. Direct descendants are the two varieties Cornacchia (by presumably natural crossing) and Galotta (a new variety). The late-ripening vine produces dark-coloured, fruity, rather low-acid red wines. It is mainly cultivated in Emilia-Romagna, where it is used for the production of RCGM (rectified grape must concentrate) and as a teinturier (colour enhancer) of the light-coloured Lambrusco varieties. The variety is permitted here in the DOC wines Colli di Faenza, Colli di Rimini, Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa, Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce, Modena and Reggiano. There are also additional areas in the regions of Apulia, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy (DOC wine Lambrusco Mantovano), Piedmont, Veneto and Sardinia. The Italian cultivation area totals 1,700 hectares. There are also other stocks in Argentina (991 ha), Brazil (20 ha), Switzerland (28 ha) and Spain (0.1 ha). In 2016, a total of 2,739 hectares of vineyards were reported, with a strong downward trend (Statisdtik Kym Anderson).
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