The region (Ital. Veneto) is located in the north-east of Italy and borders on four other regions. These are Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the east, Trentino-Alto Adige and Lombardy in the west, and Emilia-Romagna in the south. The northern tip borders on Austria. The landscape or climate is also shaped by the 150-kilometre-long Adriatic coast. The lush vineyards were already cultivated by the Etruscans. Later the Romans came and appreciated the ancient wine Raeticum mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23-79), supposedly a precursor of today's Recioto wines. In the 15th century, the galleys of the Republic of Venice ("Serenissima" = the "Illustrious") dominated the Mediterranean. At that time, viticulture experienced a heyday.