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The Italian term (also Lambrusca) means "wild vine". The Roman author Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) already mentioned a Lambrusco variety and called it "Trecenaria" (three hundred) because it yielded 300 amphorae of wine per jugerum (equivalent to one acre). Many varieties selected and bred from wild vines were called Lambrusco. It is therefore not a single grape variety or a family of grape varieties, but the term is used in countless grape variety names and synonyms. The many varieties are mostly not related to each other at all (the same phenomenon, by the way, also applies to the name groups Malvasia, Muscat, Trebbiano and Vernaccia). Lambrusco varieties are particularly common in the regions of Emilia-Romagna and Piedmont, but also in Puglia, Basilicata, Lombardy, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige. However, the term is not only included in grape variety names, but also in DOC designations, and in some cases DOC and grape variety names are identical.

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