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Perma-culture

In the mid-1970s, the Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren developed approaches to long-term high-yield agricultural systems as an alternative to the prevailing industrial agricultural system. This was based on the realisation that large-scale monocultures and massive use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides pollute the soil and water, reduce biodiversity (species richness) and expose the soil to erosion. The name derives from "permanentagriculture" = durable, sustainable agriculture.

Perma-culture is a special form of organic farming with complementary aspects. These include 100% renunciation of any use of synthetic chemical fertilisers, pesticides(herbicides, fungicides, etc.) and artificial additives as well as promotion of the humus layer in the soil. In doing so, the requirements of the EU Organic Regulation are met 100%, as is the case with the production forms of organic viticulture. Perma-culture, however, goes one step further and stands for the design of sustainable circulation systems and thus against machine-oriented production and long transport routes of food. See also under vineyard care (means and measures).

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