Organic, ecological or also biological-ecological viticulture is understood to mean, in part, quite different forms of production for the production of grapes and wine on the basis of measures that are as gentle on nature as possible, taking into account knowledge regarding ecology and environmental protection. Confusingly, there are many similar terms such as organic, ecological, controlled organic, controlled biological, organic land/vineyard, ecological land/vineyard, organic-organic, biodynamic and bioenergetic.
A question often asked is whether there is a substantive or legal difference between "organic" and "ecological". The answer is no, the terms are used synonymously. Both are protected in the context of food and feed as well as agricultural raw materials produced and processed according to organic farming standards. All derivations and diminutive forms such as "Bio-" and "Öko-", alone or combined, can occur.