Organic, ecological or also biological-ecological viticulture is understood to mean, in part, quite different forms of production for the production of grapes and wine on the basis of measures that are as gentle on nature as possible, taking into account knowledge regarding ecology and environmental protection. In 2021, the OIV published figures on the development of organic/ecologically certified viticulture. This has increased by around 13% per year in the period from 2005 to 2019. The cultivated winegrowing area amounts to about 450,000 hectares worldwide, which corresponds to about 6% of the total area. European countries such as Italy and Austria dominate with 15%, France with 14% and Germany with 8%. Spain, France and Italy together account for 75% of the world's organically farmed vineyards.
The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.Andreas Essl