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Menoir

The red grape variety originates from Hungary. Synonyms are Kékmedoc, Médoc Noir and Menoire. For a long time it was considered a fact that the famous Hungarian grape breeder János Mathiász (1838-1921) introduced it to Hungary from France. An apparent confirmation was that Pierre Galet (1921-2019) equated it with the French variety Mornen Noir. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is a cross between Chasselas x Muscat d'Eisenstadt (Ingram's Muscat). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). Menoir was a crossing partner of the new varieties Gárdonyi Géza and Goecseji Zamatos. The variety was called Kékmedoc or Médoc Noir (also synonymous with Cot and Merlot) in Hungary. After protests from France, the name was changed to the current one in 2004, which is a shortened form of the old one. The vine is resistant to frost and drought, but susceptible to fungal diseases. It produces aromatic, full-bodied red wines with soft tannins and a discreet muscat tone. The variety is mainly cultivated in the Eger area. In 2016, 61 hectares of vineyards were designated in Hungary (Kym Anderson).

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