You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


Extensive group of microorganisms (lat. Fungi) with around 100,000 species. Having long been categorised as part of the plant kingdom, they are now considered a separate kingdom due to their physiological and genetic characteristics and are more closely related to animals than plants. In contrast to almost all plants, they can exist without chlorophyll and, like animals, feed on organic nutrients in their environment.

Pilze - Echter Mehltau (Oidium) und Holzfäule (Esca)

Fungal organisms therefore do not develop through photosynthesis in the same way as plants (and therefore do not require light), but must live as putrefactive organisms, parasites or symbionts of dead or living organic substances. They often enter into a mutually beneficial symbiosis with the host plants. Fungi also include yeasts, which are important for fermentation. A large group is summarised under moulds. The growth of many types of fungi is favoured by high relative humidity from around 70%.

Voices of our members

Dr. Christa Hanten

For my many years of work as an editor with a wine and culinary focus, I always like to inform myself about special questions at Wine lexicon. Spontaneous reading and following links often leads to exciting discoveries in the wide world of wine.

Dr. Christa Hanten
Fachjournalistin, Lektorin und Verkosterin, Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,427 Keywords · 47,031 Synonyms · 5,321 Translations · 31,760 Pronunciations · 207,740 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon