Extensive group of microorganisms (lat. fungi) with around 100,000 species. After being classified as part of the plant kingdom for a long time, they are now considered a kingdom of their own due to their physiological and genetic properties and are more closely related to animals than plants. Unlike almost all plants, they can exist without chlorophyll and, like animals, feed on organic nutrients in their environment. Fungi thus do not develop by photosynthesis (and therefore do not need light), but must live as decay-dwellers, parasites or as symbionts of dead or living organic matter. They often also enter into a mutually beneficial symbiosis with the host plants. Yeasts, which are important for fermentation, also belong to the fungi. A large group is subsumed under moulds. The growth of many types of fungi is favoured by high relative humidity from about 70%.
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Restaurantleiter, Sommelier, Weindozent und Autor; Dresden