The red grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms are Bonicaire, Carlina, Embolicaire, Negra Blana, Parrel, Parrel-Verdal, Trepan, Trepat Negre and Traput. It must not be confused with the variety Parraleta (Parrel), despite the fact that the synonyms seem to indicate this. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2009, the white variety Trepat Blanc is not a colour mutation (or vice versa). It also turned out that the variety Bonicaire from the Levant (Murcia) is identical. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2015, the Trepat variety is a presumed natural cross between Hebén x unknown partner. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics).
The late maturing vine is susceptible to black spot disease. It produces fruity, spicy, light red wines with aromas of strawberries, raspberries and cinnamon. It is mainly used for rosé wines, light red wines and the production of cava. The variety is grown in the DO areas of Conca de Barberà and Costers del Segre in the region of Catalonia. Under the name Bonicaire it is represented or approved in small quantities in the DO area of Valencia (Levante). The area under cultivation in 2010 was 1,358 hectares (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012