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Valencia

The name Valencia applies to the autonomous Spanish region in the Levant, one of the three provinces of this region (besides Alicante and Castellón de la Plana), to the capital (third largest city in Spain) of the province of Valencia as well as to a DO area in the central east of the Iberian Peninsula. The port city of Valencia was already an important transshipment point for wine in Roman times. The Roman poet Juvenal (1st century) mentions a wine from Sagunt in his satires. The scholar Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) also mentions wines from Valencia

The huge DO area comprises 19,500 hectares of vineyards on mainly calcareous soils in almost 70 municipalities. It is divided into the Alto Turia subzones with the highest areas at around 800 metres, Clariano, Moscatel de Valencia and Valentino (the largest). The Mediterranean to continental climate is characterised by heavy storms and cloudbursts in summer and autumn. Partly artificial irrigation is used.

Important white wine varieties are Merseguera, Moscatel Romano(Muscat d'Alexandrie), Macabeo, Malvasía(Planta Nova), Planta Fina(Damaschino), Pedro Ximénez, Tortosina, Verdil, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon and Moscatel de Hungría(Muscat Blanc?). Important red wine varieties are Monastrell, Bobal, Tempranillo, Garnacha Tinta, Garnacha Tintorera(Alicante Henri Bouschet), Forcallat Tinta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Syrah. The wines may be blended with those of the western DO area Utiel-Requena (and vice versa).

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