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Comunitat Valenciana (Valencian Community) is an autonomous community of Spain located on the Mediterranean coast. It borders Catalonia to the north, Aragon and Castile-La Mancha to the west, and the region of Murcia to the south, with which it forms the Levante landscape. The Valenciana region comprises the three provinces of Alicante (Alacant in Valencian), Castellón and València. The capital of the community is the city of València. This port city was already an important transhipment point for wine in Roman times. The Roman poet Juvenal (1st century) mentions a wine from Sagunt in his satires. Likewise, the scholar Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) mentions wines from Valencia. But the distillation of wine, mastered here, was also famous in the Middle Ages. Even at the time of the Muslim occupation of Spain between the 8th and 13th centuries, this was tolerated despite the ban on alcohol, and wine spirits from Denia, Sagunt and València were a sought-after commodity throughout Europe at that time. Rice, tropical fruits and exotic vegetables thrive in the alluvial plain around the city of València. The area is one of the most productive agricultural landscapes in Europe.

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25,823 Keywords · 46,924 Synonyms · 5,325 Translations · 31,155 Pronunciations · 176,838 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon