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The legendary Greek poet (ancient Greek Hómēros; modern Greek Ómiros) was born around 850 BC, presumably in Smyrna (Asia Minor). He is regarded as one of the earliest witnesses of the Greek wine culture. Homer is said to have travelled the country as a blind, travelling singer. He died on the Aegean island of Chios (Khios), which was considered the "Bordeaux of Greek wine". In his two famous works Iliad (Trojan War) and Odyssey (Ulysses' Journeys and Homecoming), wine plays an important role as the "home drink" of his epic heroes, and he repeatedly describes the "wine-coloured sea". As a source for the wine of the siege army off Troy he mentions Thrace (at that time the entire Balkan peninsula) and the island Limnos. He praises the wine from Ismaros (probably identical with the ancient port of Maroneia) as "sweet and unadulterated - a potion of the gods". The Greek hero Odysseus received there from the Thracian priest king Maron the intoxicating red wine, with which he made the one-eyed cyclops Polyphem drunk and then dazzled him.

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