Designation (also viticulture) for all activities from the vineyard to the wine cellar for the purpose of producing wine. The cellar-technical measures from pressing to bottling, on the other hand, are usually referred to as vinification. The historical development can be found under the keywords ancient wines, ancient grape varieties and drinking culture. Oenology comprises the science of wine and winemaking; a sub-area is ampelography (study of the vine). Figures, Quantities & Statistics can be found under the keywords Wine Production Quantities (wine quantities and vineyards of all countries) and Grape Variety (the Top-150). A complete list of vine-variety specific terms can be found under vine.