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The Greek historian and geographer Hēródotos of Halicarnassus (482-425 BC) is considered the "father of historiography". In his youth, he travelled through the Greek world of the time, Egypt, Babylonia, Persia and Cyrenaica (historical landscape in Libya). In his nine "Histories" he describes the tension between the Eastern Persian and Western Greek worlds. Herodotus also devotes himself extensively to wine and describes the vinification and drinking culture of many countries. He reports that barrels made of palm wood were used for transporting wine on ships on the Euphrates. However, his claim that in Egypt wine was made exclusively from barley cannot be true, because grape wine was produced here many centuries before his visit. See also under Ancient wines.

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