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In the 1990s, the state of Yugoslavia was greatly reduced by the independence of former federal states due to warlike events. After the separation of four former constituent states, the remaining territory was renamed Serbia-Montenegro in 2003. After a referendum in 2006, Montenegro finally also became independent and the rest was renamed Serbia. The autonomous province of Kosovo, which lies to the south, then proclaimed itself independent in 2008. The viticultural structure of these countries has changed considerably as a result. In the remaining state area of Serbia, there are the following wine-growing areas today:

In Central Serbia (Centralna Srbija) there was hardly any warfare, which is why the vineyards remained largely unscathed, in contrast to other former Yugoslavian constituent states. These are mainly located along the rivers Danube, Morava and Timok. The six wine-growing areas are called Nisava-Juzna Morava, Pocerina-Podgora, Sumadija-Podgora, Timok, by far the largest area Sumadija-Velika Morava and Zapadna Morava. The oldest vineyard is Zupa, from where the famous red wine Zupsko Crno and the rosé Zupska Ruzica originate

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