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Historical landscape in south-eastern Europe, bordered by the Black Sea in the south, the Pruth River in the west and the Dnister River in the east. A viticulture is established in this area by archaeological findings such as amphorae and grape seeds already more than 5,000 years ago. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) visited the Greek settlements at the mouth of the two rivers Dnepr and Dnestr around 450 BC and reported that wine was drunk everywhere there. Later, the Romans also promoted viticulture. The term "Bessarabia" (Romanian Basarabia) has nothing to do with Arabia, but derives from the Wallachian princely dynasty Basarab, which ruled there for about 150 years in the 13th and 14th centuries. From the end of the 15th century, the area came under Ottoman rule for more than 300 years, which led to the decline of viticulture due to the associated ban on alcohol.

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Sigi Hiss
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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 186,975 Cross-references
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