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Bessarabia

Historical landscape in Southeast Europe, bordered by the Black Sea in the south, the river Pruth in the west and the river Dnister in the east. Wine-growing in this area has been established by archaeological finds such as amphorae and grape seeds more than 5,000 years ago. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) visited the Greek settlements at the mouth of the two rivers Dnepr and Dnestr around 450 BC and reported that wine was drunk everywhere there. The Romans also later promoted viticulture. The term "Bessarabia" (Romanian Basarabia) has nothing to do with Arabia, but is derived from the Walachian princely dynasty of Basarab, who ruled there for about 150 years in the 13th and 14th centuries. From the end of the 15th century onwards, the area came under Ottoman rule for over 300 years, which led to the decline of viticulture due to the associated ban on alcohol.

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