The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Béquignaou, Béquin Rouge, Breton, Cabernet, Chalosse Noire, Chausset, Embalouzat, Hère, Mançais Noir, Maouron, Mauron, Micardeau, Noir Cimrah, Noir de Valin, Petit Fer, Plant de Dissay, Prunalet, Prunelard and Sencit Gris. It must not be confused with Cabernet Franc, Castets, Durif, Fer (Béquignol) or Prunelard, despite the fact that synonyms or morphological similarities appear to indicate this. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Savagnin Blanc (Traminer) x unknown variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). There are the berry-coloured mutations Béquignol Blanc, Béquignol Gris and Béquignol Rose. The medium to late-maturing, very high-yielding and frost-hardy vine is susceptible to powdery mildew, but resistant to downy mildew. It produces deep red, rather alcohol-light red wines for quick enjoyment. At the end of the 1950s, the variety was still represented on more than 200 hectares in Bordeaux and southwest France, but today the stock has shrunk to 0.2 hectares in the Gironde. In Argentina (Mendoza), 616 hectares are now planted. In 2016, a total of 616 hectares of vines were declared (statistics Kym Anderson).