The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Alvarelho, Allvarellao, Avarilhão, Brancelhão, Brancelho, Locaia, Pilongo, Pirruivo, Serradelo, Serradillo, Uva Gallega, Varancelha, Verancelha (Portugal); Albarello, Alvarello, Alvarello Gallego, Alvarelo, Brancellao, Brancellao Tinto, Brancello, Brencellao, Broncellao (Spain). According to DNA analyses carried out in 1999, it is related to the variety Sercial (Esgana Cão), but the exact parentage (parentage is unknown. Two somatic mutations are Brancellao Blanco (white berry colour) and Brancellao Rosado (red berry colour). However, the Spanish variety Planta Nova (with the synonym Alvarelhão Branco) is an independent grape variety. The early ripening vine is susceptible to powdery mildew. It is mainly cultivated in Portugal, in the north in the DO areas of Dão, Douro and Vinho Verde, where it occupies 2,860 hectares of vineyards. Other small areas are cultivated in Argentina (6 ha), Australia (2 ha), Brazil (2 ha), Spain (28 ha), South Africa (12 ha) and in the USA in California. In 2016, a total of 2,910 hectares of vineyard area were declared. This puts the variety in 147th place in the worldwide grape variety ranking (statistics Kym Anderson).