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Grape variety

The vine originated in Transcaucasia and, according to the latest research, possibly also in south-east Anatolia in Turkey near the biblical Mount Ararat. As with most useful plants, there are many varieties of grapevines, which are known as cultivars. The morphological description can be found under the heading vine. The science of describing varieties is called ampelography (grape variety science). The botanical taxonomy (hierarchical systematics) is described under vine systematics. Over thousands of years, thousands of new grape varieties have been created through spontaneous (natural) crossing and sowing, random mutations and, from the 19th century onwards, through targeted new breeding. They are the result of fertilised seeds that reach the soil or deliberate sowing, i.e. they are the products of generative (sexual) propagation.

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