The red grape variety (also Vineland 49-431) is a very complex interspecific new variety between Vineland 370-628 (Lomanto x Seneca) x Seibel 10-878(Chelois). It must not be confused with the St. Vincent variety. It contains genes of Vitis aestivalis, Vitis champinii, Vitis cinerea, Vitis labrusca, Vitis lincecumii, Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed in 1947 by the breeder O. A. Bradt in Ontario-Canada. The late-maturing, high-yielding vine is resistant to frost down to minus 26 °Celsius, but susceptible to powdery mildew. It produces dark-coloured, rather low-tannin red wines with aromas of cherries and plums. The variety is mainly used as Teinturier (dyer's grape). In 2010, 11 hectares of vineyards were designated in the US state of New York (Finger Lakes) (Kym Anderson). There are also plans to have stocks in Canada.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY