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New York

On the northern east coast of the USA and in the north bordering Canada (province of Ontario), immigrants tried to cultivate vines as early as the beginning of the 17th century. But the native vines did not produce edible wines due to the intrusive strawberry or foxton and European varieties were destroyed by phylloxera, although the cause was not clear at the time. Some 200 years later, a hybrid was created by a presumably natural cross between a native Vitis labrusca and a European Vitis vinifera. This was then the basis for many breeds, especially the famous Concord. In the Finger Lakes lake district, large areas were planted with this vine in particular, producing sweet wines and sparkling wines in which the Foxton was not so prominent.

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