On the northern east coast of the USA and in neighbouring Canada to the north (province of Ontario), winegrowing was attempted by immigrants as early as the beginning of the 17th century. However, the native vines did not produce edible wines due to the intrusive strawberry or foxtone and European varieties were destroyed by phylloxera, although the cause was not clear at the time. Around 200 years later, a hybrid was created by a presumably natural cross between a native Vitis labrusca and a European Vitis vinifera. This was then the basis for many cultivars, especially the famous Concord. In the Finger Lakes area, large areas were planted with this vine and produced sweet wines and sparkling wines, in which the Foxton did not come into its own.